MKS prides itself in having experienced team members and recognized experts in the precious metals market. People are the main asset of the organisation. Here are some of the individuals who are helping shape the success of the group on a daily basis.

MKS Switzerland

1 MKS Switzerland

Based in Geneva, Switzerland
MKS Switzerland is the main pillar of the MKS PAMP GROUP, providing financial and physical trading services exclusively to institutional investors. Please visit our website


Marwan Shakarchi


Chairman of MKS (Switzerland) SA since 1982, he has developed the company into a leading integrated precious metals group. Marwan, who graduated from The Wharton School of Economics, University of Pennsylvania, with a Bachelor of Science in Finance and Multinational Enterprises, regularly shares his expertise on the gold and precious metals market as a keynote speaker throughout the industry and in front of leading financial institutions, forums and journalists. He was a primary member of the Task Force Committee to prepare a report on commodities markets for the G20 summit in Paris in 2011. He is also an international consultant to the Shanghai Gold Exchange.

Karma Shakarchi-Liess

Vice chairman

Member of the Board and Vice Chairman of MKS (Switzerland) SA since 1981. Karma is responsible for the treasury and risk management activities. She has been an integral part of the MKS (Switzerland) SA team for years, and thanks to her long-term thinking and attention to detail, the group expansion policy has reached its objectives. Karma holds a Philosophy Degree from Sorbonne University in Paris.




Mehdi Barkhordar

Managing Director

Mehdi has been instrumental in broadening the Group’s reach, range of services and productivity over the course of 30 years. He joined the MKS PAMP GROUP in 1983 and is widely respected for his comprehensive trading, marketing and fabrication expertise. Mehdi has contributed greatly to broadening perceptions of the value of precious metals worldwide through innovative products and marketing concepts and has been one of the industry’s most visible proponents of products and services quality standards, best practices and ethics, as well as environmental sustainability. Mehdi graduated from the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, with a Bachelor of Science Degree in Finance and Decision Sciences.

Jean-François Liess

Head of Human Resources

Head of Human Resources department of MKS (Switzerland) SA since 2002. After working as an independent financial advisor specializing in the global derivatives markets, in 1986 he created Falcon Brokers, an investment company and large oil-trading operation. Jean-François also takes care of some of the Alternative Investments of the group. He holds a Bachelor of Science from San Diego State University with a Major in Finance.

Jay Schnyder

Head of Refining

Head of Refining at MKS (Switzerland) SA since 1988. He holds a Bachelor Degree in Business Administration from Lausanne University. Jay travels extensively to Latin America and Africa to visit mine sites and perform due diligence assessments. He participates in conferences around the globe as well as in discussions orchestrated by the World Economic Forum.

Bernard Sin

Head of Trading

Head of Trading since 2007. He joined MKS PAMP GROUP as a country representative of Singapore in 1996 and moved to Switzerland in 1997. Bernard holds a MBA in International Business from European University in Geneva and is currently serving in the London Bullion Market Association as a member of the Public Affairs Committee.

Afshin Nabavi

Head of Physical Sales

Head of Physical Sales since 1993. He joined MKS (Switzerland) SA as a trainee in 1982 and worked within different departments of the group, providing him with an all-embracing understanding of the precious metals industry. Afshin is broadly experienced in the trading market, particularly in all aspects of physical trading. He holds a Masters Degree in Business Administration from Webster University, Geneva.

Jacqueline MayorMeylan

Head of Compliance

Head of Compliance department since 2009. She is responsible for anti-money laundering and supply chain due diligence as well as the implementation of responsible sourcing practices within the Group. She has led the drafting of the LBMA Responsible Gold Guidance as well as the development of the LBMA best practice due diligence toolkit. She is also a member of the Accreditation and Certification Committee of the Responsible Jewellery Council. Jacqueline holds a Masters Degree in Economics from Lausanne University and is a Swiss Certified Public Accountant. Prior to joining the MKS PAMP GROUP, Jacqueline worked 10 years with Ernst & Young as Senior Manager for financial and regulatory audit in the banking and financial industries.

Rafic Fakhran

Head of Accounting

Head of Accounting department since 1979. He joined Mahmoud Shakarchi as a trainee in 1967, performing different roles in various departments of the Group in Lebanon. Upon establishment of MKS (Switzerland) SA in Geneva in 1979, Rafic was promoted to Head of Accounting.

Kulathusarma (Venkatesh)

Head of IT


Head of Information Technology since Dec 2017. Venkatesh has been driving the group’s IT strategy since joining MKS PAMP GROUP in 1999. Prior to joining MKS PAMP GROUP, he worked for six years in United States and India. Venkatesh holds a Bachelor Degree in Computer Science and Engineering.

Xavier Miserez

Head of Onboarding


Xavier has worked two years for a Geneva based law firm prior to take the bar exam and another two years for Ernst & Young in a legal and regulatory department dedicated to banks and other financial intermediaries. He has joined the MKS PAMP GROUP in 2013, overseeing all legal matters and leading the onboarding department, covering all upstream as well as downstream customers, trading and banking accounts. 

Chloé Desmonet

Head of Sales & Marketing


Head of Sales for MKS Switzerland since 2016, Chloé is a commodities finance professional with in-depth knowledge of the precious metals market. After graduating from Sciences-Po in Paris, she began her career in the environmental financial products team in a top-tier London Investment Bank. The years spent in the dealing room interacting with large industrial companies, commodity producers and governmental institutions to optimize their commodities exposures have nurtured her interest for Sales interractions and sustainable usage of natural resources. 

MKS Australia

2 MKS Australia

Based in Sydney, Australia

The MKS PAMP GROUP's Sydney office, MKS Precious Metals (Australia) Pty Ltd, serves several key functions including the operation and administration of the Group trading book during Asian trading hours, the import and distribution of Bullion in Australia through MKS’ local distribution network, the export of mine dore and secondary gold to PAMP and MMTC-PAMP, and the provision of advanced financial products to MKS clients including hedging facilities to mining companies.


Clive Carroll

Managing Director

Managing Director of the Australian Subsidiary, Clive has over 40 years’ experience in precious metals, commodities and banking. He joined MKS in 1998 to establish its standalone Australian operations. Previously, Clive was Executive Chairman of the Sydney-based Commodity Trading company Tennant Limited after being Head of the Bullion and Commodities business for Macquarie Bank in Sydney.

Jason Cerisola

Head of Trading

Head of Trading for the Australian Office, Jason is responsible for the management of the Group's trading operations in the Asian time zone. He joined the MKS Sydney office in 1998 as a Trainee Dealer and has been involved in the development of the Group's trading business in precious metals and foreign exchange ever since. Jason and his team co-ordinate the trading and other business activities with the Group’s subsidiary offices throughout Asia and India.

MKS Hong Kong

3 MKS Hong Kong

Based in Hong Kong, China

MKS Precious Metals (Hong Kong) is the trading and distribution company for the MKS PAMP GROUP which focuses on servicing the specific needs of the Hong Kong market.

Frederick Siu

Managing Director

Frederick has more than 28 years of physical trading experience, having worked in ScotiaMocatta HK and Mitsui HK as head of precious metals sales and marketing. Frederick received a MBA (Financial Management) at University of Hull (UK) and BA (Hons) in Accounting at London Metropolitan University (UK). He is also a certified Public Accountant (CPA) from Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants (HKICPA) and Chartered Public Finance Accountant (CPFA) from the Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy (CIPFA UK).

MKS Singapore

4 MKS Singapore

Based in Singapore

MKS Precious Metals (Singapore) is the trading and distribution company for the MKS PAMP GROUP which focuses on servicing the specific needs of the Singaporean and south-east Asian region.

Eddie Ng

Managing Director

Having joined the company in 2009 as a bullion dealer, Eddie has since progressed through increasingly responsible roles in business development and physical trading with MKS Singapore. Eddie holds a Bachelor of Business Administration from the National University of Singapore, majoring in Finance.

MKS Malaysia

5 MKS Malaysia

Based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

MKS Precious Metals Sdn Bhd is the trading and distribution company for the MKS PAMP GROUP which focuses on servicing the specific needs of the Malaysian market.

Joseph Ng

Managing Director

Managing Director for MKS PAMP Group’s business in Malaysia, Joseph is also currently acting as strategic director for the South East Asian markets, responsible for the development and implementation of business strategies in Singapore, Thailand and Indonesia. As an active member of the Federation of Goldsmiths and Jewellers Association of Malaysia, Joseph has been instrumental in the negotiations with the Malaysian authorities on Goods and Services’ Tax exemptions and taxations for precious metals.

MKS Thailand

6 MKS Thailand

Based in Bangkok, Thailand

MKS Precious Metals (Thailand) is the trading and distribution company for the group which focuses on servicing the specific needs of the Thai market. Please visit the website.

Sudarat Unakul

Managing Director

Managing Director of the Thailand office, Sudarat was significantly involved in the establishment of MKS Precious Metals (Thailand) in 1997 and has since built a strong business relationship with all major gold traders, especially on the precious metals physical trading via renowned services team. She studied Business Administration in the US.

MKS Dubaï

7 MKS Dubaï

Based in Dubaï, UAE

MKS Precious Metals DMCC focuses on servicing the specific needs of the Middle East region.

Frederic Panizzutti

Managing Director

Managing Director of the Dubai office, he joined the Group in 1997, initially as Head of Research and Strategy, before taking a customer- and product-orientated position. Frederic is also responsible for MKS's press and media relationships and is a regular contributor and columnist for online media, TV and newspaper agencies covering the precious metals industry worldwide.

MKS Turkey

8 MKS Turkey

Based in Istanbul, Turkey

MKS Turkey’s office is the trading and distribution company for the MKS PAMP GROUP which focuses on servicing the specific needs of the Turkish Gold Exchange.

Cumhur K. Timucin

Managing Director

Managing Director of MKS Turkey office since 2010, he has more than 15 years of experience in gold trading and is regarded as an authority on the Turkish market. He holds an MBA degree from Middle East Technical University with a Bachelor of Science in Materials & Metallurgical Engineering. Cumhur also acts as the chairman of LCO Precious Metals and GCL Recycling and Refining.